Adani has passed its final environmental approval and can now begin work on its Carmichael mine in Central Queensland after nearly nine years of planning, fierce protests and endless political debate.
On Thursday afternoon, Queensland's Environment Department approved the mine's groundwater management plan, with construction at the Galilee Basin to ramp up over the coming weeks.
After Labor's poor results at the federal election, Queensland Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk last month said she was "fed up" with both the federal and state delays for the Indian miner and gave her Environment Department the new deadlines.
Over the past 18 months Adani had produced about a dozen versions of the plan. Previous attempts failed to meet key environmental requirements, including a plan to avoid destroying one of the world's last unspoiled desert oases, the Doongmabulla Springs Complex.
Adani has the green light. Will it put its money where its mouth is?
The most divisive project in recent Australian history can finally break ground. But sceptics still struggle to see how Adani will turn a profit from a remote thermal coal mine in the era of the Paris climate agreement.
It was ordered to identify the source of the springs and on Thursday the Environment Department said Adani had sufficiently established that Clematis Sandstone was the main source aquifer.